The great topographical diversity of the area of Israel means that there can be a variety of patterns of
weather in Jerusalem and Israel on any given day. This means that the weather in Jerusalem and its
surrounding areas varies greatly. For example, Mount Hermon, which is nine thousand feet above Sea Level
has snow throughout the year. Conversely, during Summer, Jericho, which is eight hundred feet below the
sea level, is extremely hot. Needless to say, the weather around the Dead Sea area, which is more than one
thousand feet below the sea level is intolerable during summer to most. In contrast, the areas around the
coast are not as hot but are very humid especially during the summer due to the vicinity to the Mediterranean.


The weather in Jerusalem can be divided into two main seasons: the dry season and the rainy season. This
is even evident in Jewish prayers which include different blessings for rain in the two different seasons. The
rainy season begins in October and goes on until April, that is from the month of Heshvan to the month of
Iyar. The dry season begins in May and goes on until October, that is from the month of Sivan to the month
of Tishri.   Although this sounds like tropical climate, the weather in Jerusalem does not include days of
ongoing rain and it is unusual to have an entire day of consecutive rain. It rains less in Jerusalem than it
does in Tel Aviv

Notwithstanding, the rainy period in Jerusalem is an important part of the weather in Jerusalem and the
region. It is divided into two parts. There is the early or former rain, which occurs in the months of October
and November and there is the latter rain which occurs in the months of March and April. Both the early or
former rain and the latter rain are mentioned in the Old Testament book of Jeremiah, in chapter five verse
twenty four, which says in the King James Version: “...Let us now fear the Lord our God, that giveth rain, both
the former and the latter...” The latter rain is mentioned in the book of Job chapter twenty nine, verse twenty
three: “...and they opened their mouth wide as for the latter rain.” It is also mentioned in Proverbs chapter
sixteen verse fifteen. The King's favor is likened to “a cloud of the latter rain.”

Jeremiah chapter three verse three also mentions the latter rain: “Therefore the showers have been
withholden, and there hath been no latter rain...” The book of Zechariah, chapter ten also mentions the latter
rain in the first verse: “Ask ye of the LORD rain in the time of the latter rain...”


The weather in Jerusalem and its surrounding regions also constitutes the dry season which usually stars
around the middle of April. Winds also feature in the Bible, specifically the north wind and the south wind.
During this period it is extremely rare to witness rain in Jerusalem. However, during the summer, the clean
mountain air of Jerusalem provides a relief from the heat of August and July and Jerusalem summer evenings
are famous for their pleasant breezes and comfortable temperatures.